Real time implementation and control validation of the wind energy conversion system

  • Adnan Sattar

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


The purpose of the thesis is to analyze dynamic and transient characteristics of wind energy conversion systems including the stability issues in real time environment using the Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDS). There are different power system simulation tools available in the market. Real time digital simulator (RTDS) is one of the powerful tools among those. RTDS simulator has a Graphical User Interface called RSCAD which contains detail component model library for both power system and control relevant analysis. The hardware is based upon the digital signal processors mounted in the racks. RTDS simulator has the advantage of interfacing the real world signals from the external devices, hence used to test the protection and control system equipments. Dynamic and transient characteristics of the fixed and variable speed wind turbine generating systems (WTGSs) are analyzed, in this thesis. Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM) as a flexible ac transmission system (FACTS) device is used to enhance the fault ride through (FRT) capability of the fixed speed wind farm. Two level voltage source converter based STATCOM is modeled in both VSC small time-step and VSC large time-step of RTDS. The simulation results of the RTDS model system are compared with the off-line EMTP software i.e. PSCAD/EMTDC. A new operational scheme for a MW class grid-connected variable speed wind turbine driven permanent magnet synchronous generator (VSWT-PMSG) is developed. VSWT-PMSG uses fully controlled frequency converters for the grid interfacing and thus have the ability to control the real and reactive powers simultaneously. Frequency converters are modeled in the VSC small time-step of the RTDS and three phase realistic grid is adopted with RSCAD simulation through the use of optical analogue digital converter (OADC) card of the RTDS. Steady state and LVRT characteristics are carried out to validate the proposed operational scheme. Simulation results show good agreement with real time simulation software and thus can be used to validate the controllers for the real time operation. Integration of the Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) with wind farm can smoothen its intermittent power fluctuations. The work also focuses on the real time implementation of the Sodium Sulfur (NaS) type BESS. BESS is integrated with the STATCOM. The main advantage of this system is that it can also provide the reactive power support to the system along with the real power exchange from BESS unit. BESS integrated with STATCOM is modeled in the VSC small time-step of the RTDS. The cascaded vector control scheme is used for the control of the STATCOM and suitable control is developed to control the charging/discharging of the NaS type BESS. Results are compared with Laboratory standard power system software PSCAD/EMTDC and the advantages of using RTDS in dynamic and transient characteristics analyses of wind farm are also demonstrated clearly.
Date of AwardDec 2012
Original languageAmerican English
SupervisorAhmed Al Durra (Supervisor)


  • Applied sciences
  • Wind energy conversion system
  • Alternative Energy
  • Electrical engineering
  • Energy
  • 0363:Alternative Energy
  • 0791:Energy
  • 0544:Electrical engineering

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