Plug-in Electric Vehicles Smart Charging Mechanisms for Cost Minimization and Ancillary Service Provision

  • Tasneim Aldhanhani

Student thesis: Master's Thesis

Abstract

Electrification of the transportation sector is an important step to ensure a sustainable system. It will lead to a number of advantages, such as: reduce consumption of oil, reduce GHG emissions, improve air quality, increase the transportation sector efficiency and play an important role in the integration of the renewable energy resources into the electric grid. However, the increasing number of the Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) connected to the grid will create numerous challenges which need to be addressed to fully harness the benefits associated with such integration. One of the challenges is the load shape dynamics, which might result in increasing the loading level on the distribution lines. Other challenges are the cost of charging PEV batteries and the limited driving range of the PEVs. To address these challenges, the proposed research will focus on the implementation of different PEV charging mechanisms for ancillary service provision to reduce the cost of charging, and to avoid the extra investment in peak generation units while maximizing the integrated PEVs. The main objective of this research is to develop different charging mechanisms for charging PEV's in the parking lots to ensure the maximum satisfaction of the PEV owners by fulfilling their charging requirements with the minimum possible cost. The developed algorithm will also consider the participation of the charging station in the ancillary service, specifically for frequency regulation and peak demand management. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm will be proved through simulation using real data.
Date of AwardMar 2019
Original languageAmerican English

Keywords

  • Demand Response
  • Electric Vehicle
  • Frequency Regulation
  • Parking Lots
  • Charging Mechanisms
  • Ancillary Services.

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