National Energy Policy and Governance Transition from Water-Energy-Food Nexus Perspective

  • Sarah Ali Shaaban

    Student thesis: Master's Thesis


    Considerable global controversy has been placed over the issue of climate change as its effects started to materialize in the last century. The energy sector is globally the main contributor to Green House Gases (GHG) emissions, and many countries are striving to improve their energy porvisions sustainably. Lebanon is among the countries most affected by climate change, and the inadequate management of the energy sector is augmenting its GHG emissions contribution. With an eye towards rescuing the sector and achieving sustainable development goals, the Lebanese government has presented its binding commitments to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Despite joining the Paris Accord recently, institutional and organizational lack of collaboration have hindered achieving the sustainability commitments as the energy sector is governed by the political establishment under the principle of 'silo-thinking', thus failing to create a welcoming policy environment that promotes sectoral improvement and sustainable development. As the linkages between the water, energy, and food (WEF) sectors are inextricable, the main objective of this research is to develop a WEF nexus governance model pertinent to the case of Lebanon that will ensure effective management and utilization of resources towards achieving sustainability goals. This research starts by identifying key stakeholders involved in the WEF sectors and visualizing their relations. It then examines the dynamic change of stakeholders' positions and the potential of reaching a consensus on three climate change policies, relative to the Business-As-Usual (BAU) scenario, namely 15% emission reduction of GHG, 15% generation of power and heat demand by renewable energy sources, and 3% reduction in power demand through energy-efficient measures. In this context, a behavioral analysis is performed over the key stakeholders with corresponding policy-specific position, influence, and salience brought to the collective decision-making process. The results reveal strong consensus over defined policies because of the position endorsed by various actors and their corresponding collective power. The concurrent analysis of the three policies identifies the most supporting actors towards proposing a credible governance framework.
    Date of AwardApr 2022
    Original languageAmerican English


    • WEF
    • sustainability
    • policy
    • consensus
    • governance.

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