Zn–Co-MOF on solution-free CuO nanowires for flexible hybrid energy storage devices

Iftikhar Hussain, Sarmad Iqbal, Tanveer Hussain, Wai Lok Cheung, Shakeel Ahmad Khan, Jun Zhou, Muhammad Ahmad, Shahid Ali Khan, Charmaine Lamiel, Muhammad Imran, Akram AlFantazi, Kaili Zhang

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60 Scopus citations


Pouch-type supercapacitor was developed by employing flexible Zn–Co-metal organic framework (MOF)@CuO and porous reduced graphene oxide as active electrodes. The flexible Zn–Co-MOF@CuO was fabricated by a facile two-step strategy. In the first step, Cu mesh was oxidized to cupric oxide (CuO) by a solution-free treatment. In the second step, Zn–Co-MOF was deposited on CuO scaffold through a solvothermal treatment. The as-prepared integrated Zn–Co-MOF@CuO exhibited excellent flexibility at different bending angles. The flexible Zn–Co-MOF@CuO displayed excellent electrochemical activity during three-electrode testing due to the merits of high electrical conductivity and an existence of p-n heterojunction between CuO and Zn–Co-MOF. The as-fabricated pouch supercapacitor yielded a high energy density of 41 W h kg−1 at a current density of 1 A g−1 and an excellent cycling stability of 97% after 20,000 cycles. Structural and superior electronic properties of Zn–Co-MOF@CuO were further verified through first principles calculations based on density functional theory (DFT), which perfectly supported the experimental results. The excellent electrochemical attributes of the flexible pouch supercapacitor show immense promise for next-generation electrochemical energy storage devices.

Original languageBritish English
Article number100655
JournalMaterials Today Physics
StatePublished - Mar 2022


  • DFT calculations
  • Flexible device
  • Metal organic framework
  • Solution-free CuO
  • Supercapacitor


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