Water in the Middle East revisited: Conflict management alternatives

M. El-Fadel, K. El-Fadl

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    3 Scopus citations


    Water resources have been the source of political tension across continents including the Middle East - the region located in southwestern Asia renowned for its arid climate and water scarcity. A multitude of economic, social, cultural, environmental and political issues govern current water sharing policies in this region where politics appears to be the most prominent and influential factor for water allocation. In fact, water allocation along international rivers in the region is largely determined by political power. Past and recent experiences indicate that the complex and politically sensitive issues of international watersheds cannot be resolved unilaterally, but rather require a genuine cooperation and commitment between countries, in addition to an understanding and acknowledgement of each others' needs. This paper revisits adjustments at the national and international levels geared towards the resolution of water disputes in the Middle East with the ultimate goal of promoting regional consensus for the integrated development of various watersheds.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)385-412
    Number of pages28
    JournalWater Policy
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - 2005


    • Conflict management
    • Middle East
    • River basin development
    • Water


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