Variational approximations for traveling solitons in a discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equation

M. Syafwan, H. Susanto, S. M. Cox, B. A. Malomed

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24 Scopus citations


Traveling solitary waves in the one-dimensional discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equation with saturable onsite nonlinearity are studied. A variational approximation (VA) for the solitary waves is derived in analytical form. The stability is also studied by means of the VA, demonstrating that the solitons are stable, which is consistent with previously published results. Then, the VA is applied to predict parameters of traveling solitons with non-oscillatory tails (embedded solitons, ESs). Two-soliton bound states are considered too. The separation distance between the solitons forming the bound state is derived by means of the VA. A numerical scheme based on the discretization of the equation in the moving coordinate frame is derived and implemented using the NewtonRaphson method. In general, good agreement between the analytical and numerical results is obtained. In particular, we demonstrate the relevance of the analytical prediction of characteristics of the embedded solitons.

Original languageBritish English
Article number075207
JournalJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
Issue number7
StatePublished - 24 Feb 2012


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