Utilizing Carbonaceous Materials Derived from [BMIM][TCM] Ionic Liquid Precursor: Dual Role as Catalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction and Adsorbents for Aromatics and CO2

Ourania Tzialla, George V. Theodorakopoulos, Konstantinos G. Beltsios, George Pilatos, K. Suresh Kumar Reddy, Chandrasekar Srinivasakannan, Giulia Tuci, Giuliano Giambastiani, Georgios N. Karanikolos, Fotios K. Katsaros, Evangelos Kouvelos, George Em Romanos

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    This work presents the synthesis of N-doped nanoporous carbon materials using the Ionic Liquid (IL) 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tricyanomethanide [BMIM][TCM] as a fluidic carbon precursor, employing two carbonization pathways: templated precursor and pyrolysis/activation. Operando monitoring of mass loss during pyrolytic and activation treatments provides insights into chemical processes, including IL decomposition, polycondensation reactions and pore formation. Comparatively low mass reduction rates were observed at all stages. Heat treatments indicated stable pore size and increasing volume/surface area over time. The resulting N-doped carbon structures were evaluated as electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and adsorbents for gases and organic vapors. Materials from the templated precursor pathway exhibited high electrocatalytic performance in ORR, analyzed using Rotating Ring-Disk electrode (RRDE). Enhanced adsorption of m-xylene was attributed to wide micropores, while satisfactory CO2 adsorption efficiency was linked to specific morphological features and a relatively high content of N-sites within the C-networks. This research contributes valuable insights into the synthesis and applications of N-doped nanoporous carbon materials, highlighting their potential in electrocatalysis and adsorption processes.

    Original languageBritish English
    JournalChemPlusChem
    DOIs
    StateAccepted/In press - 2024

    Keywords

    • adsorption
    • aromatics
    • electrocatalyst
    • Ionic Liquids
    • N-doped carbon

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