Utilization of gum xanthan based superporous hydrogels for the effective removal of methyl violet from aqueous solution

Hemant Mittal, Reshma Babu, Saeed M. Alhassan

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57 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this research work the superporous hydrogels (SPHs) of acrylic acid (AA) and acrylamide (AM) with gum xanthan (GX) were synthesized using glass blowing and foaming technique and tested the feasibility of synthesized SPHs to remove removal of methyl violet dye (MV) by the process of adsorption from aqueous solution. Swelling properties of synthesized SPHs with different concentrations of GX were studied in deionized water and the swelling kinetics followed first-order model. The adsorption of MV using SPHs was highly influenced by the solution pH. Adsorption kinetics followed non-linear pseudo-second-order rate equation, whereas, isotherm of adsorption followed monolayer Langmuir model. Diffusion mechanism of dye molecules was controlled by the combination of two mechanisms i.e. intraparticle and liquid film diffusion mechanisms. Furthermore, during desorption studies, SPHs were efficiently used for the five continuous adsorption-desorption cycles. Hence, the removal of cationic dyes could be done using SPHs of GX as effective adsorbents.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)413-423
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume143
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Adsorption isotherm
  • Methyl violet
  • Superporous hydrogels
  • Swelling kinetics

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