UTB180: A High-Quality Benchmark for Underwater Tracking

Basit Alawode, Yuhang Guo, Mehnaz Ummar, Naoufel Werghi, Jorge Dias, Ajmal Mian, Sajid Javed

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Deep learning methods have demonstrated encouraging performance on open-air visual object tracking (VOT) benchmarks, however, their strength remains unexplored on underwater video sequences due to the lack of challenging underwater VOT benchmarks. Apart from the open-air tracking challenges, videos captured in underwater environments pose additional challenges for tracking such as low visibility, poor video quality, distortions in sharpness and contrast, reflections from suspended particles, and non-uniform lighting. In the current work, we propose a new Underwater Tracking Benchmark (UTB180) dataset consisting of 180 sequences to facilitate the development of underwater deep trackers. The sequences in UTB180 are selected from both underwater natural and online sources with over 58,000 annotated frames. Video-level attributes are also provided to facilitate the development of robust trackers for specific challenges. We benchmark 15 existing pre-trained State-Of-The-Art (SOTA) trackers on UTB180 and compare their performance on another publicly available underwater benchmark. The trackers consistently perform worse on UTB180 showing that it poses more challenging scenarios. Moreover, we show that fine-tuning five high-quality SOTA trackers on UTB180 still does not sufficiently boost their tracking performance. Our experiments show that the UTB180 sequences pose a major burden on the SOTA trackers as compared to their open-air tracking performance. The performance gap reveals the need for a dedicated end-to-end underwater deep tracker that takes into account the inherent properties of underwater environments. We believe that our proposed dataset will be of great value to the tracking community in advancing the SOTA in underwater VOT. Our dataset is publicly available on Kaggle.

Original languageBritish English
Title of host publicationComputer Vision – ACCV 2022 - 16th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Proceedings
EditorsLei Wang, Juergen Gall, Tat-Jun Chin, Imari Sato, Rama Chellappa
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9783031263477
StatePublished - 2023
Event16th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, ACCV 2022 - Macao, China
Duration: 4 Dec 20228 Dec 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume13845 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference16th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, ACCV 2022


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