User pairing for downlink non-orthogonal multiple access networks using matching algorithm

Wei Liang, Zhiguo Ding, Yonghui Li, Lingyang Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

175 Scopus citations


In this paper, we study the user pairing in a downlink non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) network, where the base station allocates the power to the pairwise users within the cluster. In the considered NOMA network, a user with poor channel condition is paired with a user with good channel condition, when both their rate requirements are satisfied. Specifically, the quality of service for weak users can be guaranteed, since the transmit power allocated to strong users is constrained following the concept of cognitive radio. A distributed matching algorithm is proposed in the downlink NOMA network, aiming to optimize the user pairing and power allocation between weak users and strong users, subject to the users’ targeted rate requirements. Our results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms the conventional orthogonal multiple access scheme and approaches the performance of the centralized algorithm, despite its low complexity. In order to improve the system’s throughput, we design a practical adaptive turbo trellis coded modulation scheme for the considered network, which adaptively adjusts the code rate and the modulation mode based on the instantaneous channel conditions. The joint design work leads to significant mutual benefits for all the users as well as the improved system throughput.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)5319-5332
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2017


  • Adaptive trellis turbo coded modulation
  • Matching theory
  • Non-orthogonal multiple access scheme


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