User Fairness Optimization of IRS-Assisted Cooperative MISO-NOMA for ITS With SWIPT

Zheng Yang, Lu Xia, Jingjing Cui, Xingwang Li, Yi Wu, Zhicheng Dong, Zhiguo Ding

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Scopus citations


    The intelligent transportation system (ITS) was supported by the sixth generation (6G) wireless networks, since it has great potential to realize intelligent transportation with the benefit for the society and economy. In order to overcome the practical problem of spectrum scarcity, ultra-low latency, large-scale connectivity in ITS, we propose a cooperative multiple-input single output non-orthogonal multiple access (MISO-NOMA) for ITS with intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) and simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT). An user fairness optimization problem is formulated to maximize the fairness rate of the vehicles, subject to the quality of service requirements of the vehicles and the successive interference cancellation. The optimization problem involves the transmit beamformers design, the IRS reflection matrix design, and the power splitting ratio of the SWIPT, which lead to the problem is difficult to solve. For solving the challenging problem, an iterative successive convex approximation and semi-definite relaxation based algorithm is proposed. Explicitly, we firstly adopt the method of reconstructing epigraph for simplification due to the objective function is non-convex, and then the original problem is decomposed into two sub-problems that are easy to solve. Finally, Experimental results illustrate that the user fairness of the proposed cooperative MISO-NOMA for ITS with IRS and SWIPT is better than that of both the IRS-NOMA for ITS without SWIPT and the IRS-OMA for ITS.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)1-12
    Number of pages12
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
    StateAccepted/In press - 2023


    • Array signal processing
    • Buildings
    • Intelligent reflecting surface
    • intelligent transportation systems
    • NOMA
    • non-orthogonal multiple access
    • Optimization
    • Relays
    • simultaneous wireless information and power transfer
    • Unicast
    • user fairness optimization
    • Wireless communication


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