Ultralow lattice thermal conductivity in double perovskite Cs2PTi6: A promising thermoelectric material

Muhammad Sajjad, Qasim Mahmood, Nirpendra Singh, J. Andreas Larsson

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127 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report first-principle calculations of the recently synthesized Pb-free double perovskite Cs2PtI6, which we found to have the potential to be an excellent thermoelectric material, through the investigation of its electronic and phonon transport properties. The Heyd−Scuseria−Ernzerhof functional results in an indirect band gap of 1.40 eV, perfectly matching the experiment. Our well-converged phonon dispersion displays positive frequencies in the entire Brillouin zone and hence confirms the dynamic stability of the material. Further, the low-lying optical modes mix significantly with the heat-carrying acoustic phonons and add to their scattering phase space. We have found strong phonon anharmonicity due to the nonsymmetric and nonspherical electron densities of the atoms derived from their bonding environment, which in combination with low group velocities and high phonon scattering rates results in ultralow lattice thermal conductivity in Cs2PtI6. For example, it is 0.15 W/mK at 300 K, which is 8-fold smaller than that reported for the typical thermoelectric material Bi2Te3. Our simulations show that it could be reduced by another factor of 2 by nanostructuring the material with features of around 8 nm. We have found a remarkably high p-type Seebeck coefficient of 139 μV/K at the maximum considered carrier concentration and temperature. Our calculations also find a high figure of merit of 1.03 for the p-type carriers at room temperature, attributed to the substantial thermoelectric coefficient S2σ/τ, where S, σ, and τ are the Seebeck coefficient, the electrical conductivity, and the relaxation time, respectively.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)11293-11299
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Volume3
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • CsPtI
  • Double perovskite
  • First principles
  • Lattice thermal conductivity
  • Phonon anharmonicity

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