Ultrafast Stratified Diffusion of Water Inside Carbon Nanotubes; Direct Experimental Evidence with 2D D- T2 NMR Spectroscopy

J. Hassan, G. Diamantopoulos, L. Gkoura, M. Karagianni, S. Alhassan, S. V. Kumar, M. S. Katsiotis, T. Karagiannis, M. Fardis, N. Panopoulos, H. J. Kim, M. Beazi-Katsioti, G. Papavassiliou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Water, when confined at the nanoscale acquires extraordinary transport properties, and yet, there is no direct experimental evidence of these properties at nanoscale resolution. Here, by using two-dimensional NMR diffusion-relaxation (D-T2) and spin-lattice - spin-spin relaxation (T1-T2) spectroscopy, we succeeded to resolve at the nanoscale water diffusion in single- and double-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs/DWCNTs). In SWCNTs, the spectra display the characteristic shape of uniform water diffusion restricted in one dimension. Remarkably, in DWCNTs, water is shown to split into two axial components with the inner one acquiring unusual flow properties: high fragility, ultrafast self-diffusion coefficient, and "rigid" molecular environment, revealing a stratified cooperative motion mechanism to underlie fast diffusion in water-saturated CNTs.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)10600-10606
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume122
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 May 2018

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