Ultra-High Rate-Reliability Fairness in Grant-Free Massive URLLC NOMA System: Joint Power and Channel Allocation Using Meta-Heuristic Search

Mayur Vitthalrao Katwe, Keshav Singh, Chihpeng Li, Zhiguo Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Next-generation wireless applications are envisaged to cater extended ultra-reliability low-latency communication (URLLC) services involving high data rates and improved user fairness for massive users by synergizing multiple driving technologies. Nevertheless, effective resource management with this heterogeneous quality of services (QoS) requirements under limited spectral resources becomes extremely imminent and challenging which is beyond the capabilities of existing architectures. In this article, we investigate a grant-free non-orthogonal multiple access-based uplink transmission to prompt a new service called massive URLLC (mURLLC) for high rate-reliability fairness for massive users under strict latency constraints. To enable spectral-efficient and reliable resource allocation policy, we formulate distinct resource optimization problems for the considered GF-NOMA scheme which involves worst-case rate and reliability maximization and latency minimization under joint power and channel allocation. To tackle the NP-hardness and mixed integer non-linear programming of formulated problems, we propose a general low-cost differential evolution-based meta-heuristic framework which jointly allocates the available resources among multiple URLLC users. Simulations demonstrate the effectiveness of the considered GF-NOMA-based mURLLC system over state-of-art approaches. Moreover, it is shown that the proposed DE algorithm exhibits efficient channel utilization and a high degree of user fairness when compared to random channel contention. © 1967-2012 IEEE.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)15899-15915
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2023


  • Evolutionary algorithms
  • Heuristic algorithms
  • Information management
  • Integer programming
  • Natural resources management
  • Nonlinear programming
  • Quality of service
  • Resource allocation
  • Channel allocation
  • Delay
  • Grant-free
  • Joint power
  • Joint power and channel allocation
  • Low-latency communication
  • Massive ultra-reliable low-latency communication
  • Minimisation
  • Multiple access
  • Non-orthogonal
  • Non-orthogonal multiple access
  • Power and channel allocation
  • Rate-reliability fairness
  • Resource management
  • Ultra reliable low latency communication
  • Reliability


Dive into the research topics of 'Ultra-High Rate-Reliability Fairness in Grant-Free Massive URLLC NOMA System: Joint Power and Channel Allocation Using Meta-Heuristic Search'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this