Two transmembrane Cys residues are involved in 5-HT4 receptor dimerization

Magali Berthouze, Lucie Rivail, Alexandre Lucas, Mohammed A. Ayoub, Olivier Russo, Sames Sicsic, Rodolphe Fischmeister, Isabelle Berque-Bestel, Ralf Jockers, Frank Lezoualc'h

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

The 5-HT4 receptor (5-HT4R) belongs to the G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) family and is of considerable interest for the development of new drugs to treat gastrointestinal diseases and memory disorders. The 5-HT4R exists as a constitutive dimer but its molecular determinants are still unknown. Using co-immunoprecipitation and Bioluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer (BRET) techniques, we show here that 5-HT4R homodimerization but not 5-HT4R-β2 adrenergic receptor (β2AR) heterodimerization is largely decreased under reducing conditions suggesting the participation of disulfide bonds in 5-HT4R dimerization. Molecular modeling and protein docking experiments identified four cysteine (Cys) residues potentially involved in the dimer interface through intramolecular or intermolecular disulfide bonds. We show that disulfide bridges between Cys112 and Cys145 located within TM3 and TM4, respectively, are of critical importance for 5-HT4R dimer formation. Our data suggest that two disulfide bridges between two transmembrane Cys residues are involved in the dimerization interface of a GPCR.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)642-647
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume356
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 May 2007

Keywords

  • BRET
  • Dimer
  • Disulfide bridge
  • G-protein-coupled receptor
  • Molecular modeling
  • Serotonin

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