Two-dimensional mullite nanostructure: Synthesis and reinforcement effect on polypropylene/maleic anhydride graft ethylene vinyl acetate matrix

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Abstract

In the present work, we studied the reinforcement effect of mullite nanosheets (MNs) on the properties of polypropylene (PP)/maleic anhydride graft ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA-g-MA) blend matrix. MNs have been prepared in the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as the macromolecular surfactant through the sol–gel process followed by a thermal annealing method. The sheet-like morphology of mullite was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy analysis. The surface of the MNs was modified using 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane. One weight percent of amine-functionalized MNs (AMNs) improved the impact strength of PP/EVA-g-MA blend matrix, which is about 52%. Melt rheology analysis resulted that the nanocomposite exhibited a viscous behavior up to 2.5 wt % of AMNs and above the content ensued a viscoelastic solid-like behavior. X-ray diffraction analysis showed a complete dispersion of AMNs in the PP/EVA-g-MA blend matrix. TEM analysis confirmed that the MNs sheets are residing mostly in EVA-g-MA phase and the interface of PP/EVA-g-MA blend.

Original languageBritish English
Article number48233
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume136
Issue number46
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • ethylene-vinyl acetate
  • mullite
  • polypropylene
  • rheology
  • self-assembly

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