Turbulent length scales and budgets of Reynolds stress-transport for open-channel flows; friction Reynolds numbers R = 150, 400 and 1020

Umair Ahmed, David Apsley, Timothy Stallard, Peter Stansby, Imran Afgan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Turbulence in open channel flows is ubiquitous to hydro-environmental applications and has recently increased in importance with the deployment of tidal stream turbines, as turbulence impacts both the turbine performance and the blade fatigue life. Tidal turbine analysis requires fully developed turbulence characteristics at the inlet of numerical simulations where generally the length scale information is limited. In this study, fully resolved large eddy simulations (LES) with flat beds were undertaken using an open source code at friction Reynolds numbers ((Formula presented.)) of 150, 400 and 1020. It was found that the effects of the free surface on turbulence length scales were felt in approximately the uppermost 10% of the channel only, although the influence on Reynolds stresses extended further downwards. Furthermore, the cross-correlation length scales of both streamwise and spanwise velocities were found to be significantly affected by the free surface where turbulent eddies were flattened to the two-component limit.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)36-50
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Hydraulic Research
Volume59
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Anisotropy
  • budgets
  • open-channel flow
  • tidal stream turbines
  • turbulence length scales
  • turbulence spectra

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