Treatment technologies of palm oil mill effluent (POME)and olive mill wastewater (OMW): A brief review

Zhan Sheng Lee, Sim Yee Chin, Jun Wei Lim, Thongthai Witoon, Chin Kui Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

133 Scopus citations


Attributable to the enormous population growth, tonnes of effluents are unavoidably generated throughout the agricultural activities. The inadequate effluents disposal induces perpetual contamination to the sea and river water sources, which has subsequently raised the public environmental concern. For that reason, the handling protocol of agricultural effluents was flagged up as an interest area for research. Despite the environmental hazards, agricultural effluents have the potential to be transformed from wastes into wealth via biological, physicochemical, thermochemical or a combination of processes thereof. The identical characteristics of palm oil mill effluent (POME)and olive mill wastewater (OMW)render the possibility of treating these wastes using the similar treatment method. Generally, biological treatment requires a longer process time compared to physicochemical and thermochemical technologies despite its easy and low-cost operation. Comparatively, physicochemical and thermochemical methods extend their potentiality in converting the agricultural effluents into higher value products more efficiently. This paper reviews the source and characteristics of both POME and OMW. Subsequently, a comparison of the current and alternative treatments for both effluents was done before the future perspectives of both effluents’ treatment are paved based on the well-being of the human, environment, and economic.

Original languageBritish English
Article number100377
JournalEnvironmental Technology and Innovation
StatePublished - Aug 2019


  • Agricultural effluent
  • Olive mill wastewater
  • Palm oil mill effluent
  • Wastewater treatment


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