Treatment of industrial low grade palm oil via esterification reaction using sonoreactor

Adeeb Hayyan, Mohd Ali Hashim, Mohamed E.S. Mirghani, Maan Hayyan, Inas M. AlNashef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, the reduction of free fatty acid (FFA) in low grade palm oil (LGPO) was conducted at various sonication times, ranging from 30 to 300. min. Screening of various acids was reported and selected acid was considered for further study. The results found that strong acids such as sulfuric acid to be superior to other acids. The FFA content of LGPO decreased from 20% to less than 3%, using sulfuric acid at optimum conditions. Treated LGPO can be used as a new type of fuel for various applications such as biodiesel production.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)2066-2070
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Esterification
  • Free fatty acid
  • Industrial low grade palm oil
  • Sonoreactor

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