Three-dimensional microstructural modeling of asphalt concrete using a unified viscoelastic-viscoplastic-viscodamage model

Taesun You, Rashid K. Abu Al-Rub, Masoud K. Darabi, Eyad A. Masad, Dallas N. Little

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations


This paper presents a three-dimensional (3D) microstructure-based computational model to predict the thermo-mechanical response of the asphalt concrete using a coupled thermo-viscoelastic, thermo-viscoplastic, and thermo-viscodamage constitutive model. The 3D microstructure of the asphalt concrete is reconstructed from slices of two-dimensional X-ray computed tomography images that consist of the matrix and the aggregate phases and ignoring voids. The matrix is considered as a thermo-viscoelastic, thermo-viscoplastic, and thermo-viscodamage material; while, the aggregates are considered to be linear elastic. The 3D model is subjected to uniaxial compression, tension, and repeated creep recovery tests at different temperatures to investigate the stress-strain behavior, damage propagation, and the patterns of the recoverable and irrecoverable strains. The presented results show that the generated 3D microstructure model along with the presented constitutive model can be used effectively to predict the overall thermo-mechanical response of asphalt concrete. Therefore, the presented framework can be used to provide insight on the influence of the asphalt concrete microstructure on its macroscopic response. In addition, it is a tool to select the mixture components and its proportions to achieve the desired macroscopic properties and performance.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)531-548
Number of pages18
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2012


  • Damage
  • Finite element method
  • Micromechanics
  • Viscoelastic
  • Viscoplastic


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