Thermodynamic analysis of spark-ignition engine using a gas mixture model for the working fluid

E. Abu-Nada, I. Al-Hinti, B. Akash, A. Al-Sarkhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents thermodynamic analysis of spark-ignition engine. A theoretical model of Otto cycle, with a working fluid consisting of various gas mixtures, has been implemented. It is compared to those which use air as the working fluid with variable temperature specific heats. A wide range of engine parameters were studied, such as equivalence ratio, engine speed, maximum and outlet temperatures, brake mean effective pressure, gas pressure, and cycle thermal efficiency. For example, for the air model, the maximum temperature, brake mean effective pressure (BMEP), and efficiency were about 3000 K, 15 bar, and 32%, respectively, at 5000 rpm and 1.2 equivalence ratio. On the other hand, by using the gas mixture model under the same conditions, the maximum temperature, BMEP, and efficiency were about 2500 K, 13.7 bar, and 29%. However, for the air model, at lower engine speeds of 2000 rpm and equivalence ratio of 0.8, the maximum temperature, BMEP, and efficiency were about 2000 K, 8.7 bar, and 28%, respectively. Also, by using the gas mixture model under these conditions, the maximum temperature, BMEP, and efficiency were about 1900K, 8.4 bar, and 27%, i.e. with insignificant differences. Therefore, it is more realistic to use gas mixture in cycle analysis instead of merely assuming air to be the working fluid, especially at high engine speeds.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)1031-1046
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Volume31
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2007

Keywords

  • Gas mixture
  • Otto cycle
  • SI engine
  • Temperature-dependent specific heats

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