The relationship between reaction temperature and carbon deposition on nickel catalysts based on al2o3, zro2 or sio2 supports during the biogas dry reforming reaction

Nikolaos D. Charisiou, Savvas L. Douvartzides, Georgios I. Siakavelas, Lazaros Tzounis, Victor Sebastian, Vlad Stolojan, Steven J. Hinder, Mark A. Baker, Kyriaki Polychronopoulou, Maria A. Goula

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73 Scopus citations

Abstract

The tackling of carbon deposition during the dry reforming of biogas (BDR) necessitates research of the surface of spent catalysts in an effort to obtain a better understanding of the effect that different carbon allotropes have on the deactivation mechanism and correlation of their formation with catalytic properties. The work presented herein provides a comparative assessment of catalytic stability in relation to carbon deposition and metal particle sintering on un-promoted Ni/Al2O3, Ni/ZrO2 and Ni/SiO2 catalysts for different reaction temperatures. The spent catalysts were examined using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Raman spectroscopy, high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM-HAADF) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results show that the formation and nature of carbonaceous deposits on catalytic surfaces (and thus catalytic stability) depend on the interplay of a number of crucial parameters such as metal support interaction, acidity/basicity characteristics, O2– lability and active phase particle size. When a catalytic system possesses only some of these beneficial characteristics, then competition with adverse effects may overshadow any potential benefits.

Original languageBritish English
Article number676
JournalCatalysts
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Biogas dry reforming
  • Carbon deposition
  • Catalytic stability
  • Ni catalysts

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