The evolution of cutting forces during slot milling of unidirectional carbon fiber reinforced polymer (UD-CFRP) composites

Jamal Sheikh Ahmad, Mohamed El-Hofy, Fahad Almaskari, Kevin Kerrigan, Yoshihiro Takikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cutting forces generated during traditional machining of fiber reinforced polymer composites play an important role in determining machined surface quality. The cutting force signals also provide a live indicator of the dynamic behavior of the chip formation process. Cutting forces in machining FRPs are dependent primarily on the instantaneous fiber cutting angle, chip thickness, cutting edge geometry and the current state of cutting edge wear. In this study, effects of the cutting edge rake angle and tool wear on cutting force evolution during slot milling of unidirectional carbon fiber reinforced polymer (UD-CFRP) composite was investigated. The cutting forces were measured in the feed and normal directions and then transformed to the tangential and radial directions of the tool path. A simplified cutting force model consisting of a shearing region and a pressing was used to determine the shearing and friction force components. This allowed determination of the friction coefficient on the clearance face of the tool. It was found that the friction coefficient varied significantly with rake angle and fiber cutting angle. The effect of rake angle on cutting forces is more discernable in the shearing region with positive rake angle tool providing the most efficient cutting. Furthermore, correlations were found between machining damage and the magnitude and orientation of the resultant shearing force.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)124-129
Number of pages6
JournalProcedia CIRP
Volume85
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Event2nd CIRP Conference on Composite Material Parts Manufacturing, CIRP-CCMPM 2019 - Sheffield, United Kingdom
Duration: 10 Oct 201911 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • CFRP
  • cutting forces
  • fiber cutting angle
  • friction coefficient
  • machining damage
  • rake angle
  • Slot milling

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