The effect of Ni addition onto a Cu-based ternary support on the H2 production over glycerol steam reforming reaction

Kyriaki Polychronopoulou, Nikolaos Charisiou, Kyriakos Papageridis, Victor Sebastian, Steven Hinder, Aasif Dabbawala, Ayesha Alkhoori, Mark Baker, Maria Goula

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23 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the present study, Ni/Ce-Sm-xCu (x = 5, 7, 10 at.%) catalysts were prepared using microwave radiation coupled with sol-gel and followed by wetness impregnation method for the Ni incorporation. Highly dispersed nanocrystallites of CuO and NiO on the Ce-Sm-Cu support were found. Increase of Cu content seems to facilitate the reducibility of the catalyst according to the H2 temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR). All the catalysts had a variety of weak, medium and strong acid/basic sites that regulate the reaction products. All the catalysts had very high XC3H8O3 for the entire temperature (400–750 C) range; from ≈84% at 400 C to ≈94% at 750 C. Ni/Ce-Sm-10Cu catalyst showed the lowest XC3H8O3-gas implying the Cu content has a detrimental effect on performance, especially between 450–650 C. In terms of H2 selectivity (SH2) and H2 yield (YH2), both appeared to vary in the following order: Ni/Ce-Sm-10Cu > Ni/Ce-Sm-7Cu > Ni/Ce-Sm-5Cu, demonstrating the high impact of Cu content. Following stability tests, all the catalysts accumulated high amounts of carbon, following the order Ni/Ce-Sm-5Cu < Ni/Ce-Sm-7Cu < Ni/Ce-Sm-10Cu (52, 65 and 79 wt.%, respectively) based on the thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) studies. Raman studies showed that the incorporation of Cu in the support matrix controls the extent of carbon graphitization deposited during the reaction at hand.

Original languageBritish English
Article number931
JournalNanomaterials
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Glycerol steam reforming
  • H production
  • Ni supported catalysts
  • Sm-cu-doped CeO
  • Ternary oxides

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