The Association of Prayer Frequency and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: A Comparative Study of the USA, India and Turkey

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    Abstract

    This study explores whether Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and Inglehart’s values paradigm underlies associations between prayer frequency and happiness. Responses from a comparative analysis of wave six from the World Values Survey for India (n = 4078), Turkey (n = 1605) and the USA (n = 2232) were used to examine associations between prayer frequency and happiness. Prayer frequency interacted with Maslow’s model to associate with happiness in India and Turkey. The self-expression variables entirely supplant prayer and are associated with happiness in the USA. The implications are discussed for generating models that impact happiness.

    Original languageBritish English
    JournalJournal of Religion and Health
    DOIs
    StateAccepted/In press - 2022

    Keywords

    • Happiness
    • India
    • Prayer
    • The USA
    • Turkey

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