Tests on seismically damaged reinforced concrete walls repaired and strengthened using fiber-reinforced polymers

Konstantinos K. Antoniades, Thomas N. Salonikios, Andreas J. Kappos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


The behavior of six 1:2.5-scale reinforced concrete cantilever wall specimens having an aspect ratio of 1.5, tested to failure and subsequently repaired and strengthened using fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets is investigated. Specimens were first repaired by removing heavily cracked concrete, lap splicing the fractured steel bars by welding new short bars, placing new hoops and horizontal web reinforcement, and finally casting nonshrink high-strength repair mortar. The specimens were then strengthened using FRP sheets and strips, with a view to increasing flexural as well as shear strength and ductility. In addition to different arrangements of steel and FRP reinforcement in the walls, a key parameter was the way carbon-FRP strips added for flexural strengthening were anchored; steel plates and steel angles were used to this effect. Steel plates were anchored using U-shaped glass-FRP (GFRP) strips or bonded metal anchors. Test results have shown that by using FRP reinforcement, the flexural and shear strength of the specimens can be increased. From the anchorage systems tested, metal plates combined with FRP strips appear to be quite efficient. The effectiveness of the bonded metal anchors used was generally less than that of the combination of plates and GFRP strips. In all cases, final failure of the FRP anchorage is brittle, but only occurs after the peak strength is attained and typically follows the fracture of steel reinforcement in critical areas, hence the overall behavior of the strengthened walls is moderately ductile.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)236-246
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Composites for Construction
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2005


  • Composite materials
  • Fiber reinforced polymers
  • Flexural strength
  • Hysteresis
  • Retrofitting
  • Shear walls


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