Tectono-thermal Evolution of a Distal Rifted Margin: Constraints From the Calizzano Massif (Prepiedmont-Briançonnais Domain, Ligurian Alps)

Alessandro Decarlis, Maria Giuditta Fellin, Matteo Maino, Simona Ferrando, Gianreto Manatschal, Laura Gaggero, Silvio Seno, Finlay M. Stuart, Marco Beltrando

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The thermal evolution of distal domains along rifted margins is at present poorly constrained. In this study, we show that a thermal pulse, most likely triggered by lithospheric thinning and asthenospheric rise, is recorded at upper crustal levels and may also influence the diagenetic processes in the overlying sediments, thus representing a critical aspect for the evaluation of hydrocarbon systems. The thermal history of a distal sector of the Alpine Tethys rifted margin preserved in the Ligurian Alps (Case Tuberto-Calizzano unit) is investigated with thermochronological methods and petrologic observations. The studied unit is composed of a polymetamorphic basement and a sedimentary cover, providing a complete section through the prerift, synrift, and postrift system. Zircon fission track analyses on basement rocks samples suggest that temperatures exceeding ~240 ± 25°C were reached before ~150–160 Ma (Upper Jurassic) at few kilometer depth. Neoformation of green biotite, stable at temperatures of ~350 to 450°C, was synkinematic with this event. The tectonic setting of the studied unit suggests that the heating-cooling cycle took place during the formation of the distal rifted margin and terminated during Late Jurassic (150–160 Ma). Major crustal and lithospheric thinning likely promoted high geothermal gradients (~60–90°C/km) and triggered the circulation of hot, deep-seated fluids along brittle faults, causing the observed thermal anomaly. Our results suggest that rifting can generate thermal perturbations at relatively high temperatures (between ~240 and 450°C) at less than 3 km depth in the distal domains during major crustal thinning preceding breakup and onset of seafloor spreading.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)3209-3228
Number of pages20
JournalTectonics
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • distal rifted margin thermal evolution
  • heating-cooling cycles
  • Ligurian Alps
  • zircon (U-Th)/He
  • zircon fission tracks

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