Techno-economic assessment and environmental impacts of desalination technologies

Toufic Mezher, Hassan Fath, Zeina Abbas, Arslan Khaled

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    567 Scopus citations


    This paper presents a comprehensive review and assessment of desalination technologies such as thermal which includes multi-stage flash (MSF) and multiple effect distillation (MED), membrane reverse osmosis (RO), and hybrid (MSF/MED-RO). The assessment includes energy requirements, water production cost, technology growth trends, environmental impact and potential for the technology improvements. Comparison and technology matrix of commercial technologies are highlighted. The global desalination policies for the major desalination user countries, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), United States of America (USA), Spain, China and Kuwait are given. More detailed analysis of desalination, cogeneration, and water situation in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) with some related recommendations for future policy and plans are also presented.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)263-273
    Number of pages11
    Issue number1-3
    StatePublished - 31 Jan 2011


    • Cost
    • Desalination technologies
    • Energy requirement
    • Environmental impact
    • UAE


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