Synthesis of mesoporous antimicrobial herbal nanomaterial-carrier for silver nanoparticles and antimicrobial sensing

Nahid Moradi, Seyedeh Masoumeh Taghizadeh, Nahal Hadi, Ali Ghanbariasad, Aydin Berenjian, Kuan Shiong Khoo, Sunita Varjani, Pau Loke Show, Alireza Ebrahiminezhad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Herbal nanoparticles (HNPs) were introduced as a novel generation of antimicrobial nanoparticles. But in the battle against superbugs we need nanostructures with boosted antimicrobial potency. So in the current experiment, for the first time a green approach was developed for the silver functionalization of HNPs which were fabricated from an antimicrobial herb Thymus vulgaris. Silver functionalized HNPs (AgHNPs) were found to be mesoporous and were further fortified with antimicrobial compounds. The resulted structures were re-tested against MRSA and P. aeruginosa as superbugs. It was found that silver functionalization can provide eight-fold increase in the antimicrobial potency of HNPs. Moreover, MIC was reduced from 20 mg/mL to 2.5 mg/mL. Another eight-fold reduction in the MIC (0.3 mg/mL) was achieved by fortification with antimicrobial compounds. So, the antimicrobial potency of HNPs was successfully increase approximately up to 64-folds. Obtained results illustrated that silver functionalization and fortification with antimicrobial compounds can be considered as effective approaches to achieve HNPs with boosted antimicrobial potency. These nanostructures have the potency to be loaded with other antimicrobial compound such as antibiotics toward synergistic effects of AgNPs and antibiotics. Resulted nanostructures can be employed in the formulation of powerful topical and surface disinfectants against superbugs. Also, these particles can be considered as a next generation of boosted antimicrobial nanostructures.

Original languageBritish English
Article number113077
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • Antibacterial nanostructures
  • Antimicrobial herbs
  • Ball mill
  • Multidrug resistance
  • Top-down approach


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