Synthesis of magnetic carbon nanocomposites by hydrothermal carbonization and pyrolysis

M. T.H. Siddiqui, Sabzoi Nizamuddin, Humair Ahmed Baloch, N. M. Mubarak, Deepa K. Dumbre, Inamuddin, Abdullah M. Asiri, A. W. Bhutto, Madapusi Srinivasan, G. J. Griffin

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    73 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The fabrication of magnetic carbon nanostructures is emerging to develop composites with unique properties. Consolidating magnetic nanoparticles with carbon materials can be used in nanoelectronics, catalysis, optical application, biosensors, environmental remediation, energy, hydrogen storage, drug transport, magnetic resonance imaging and cancer diagnosis. In addition, thermochemical methods such as hydrothermal carbonization and pyrolysis are low energy processes that offer an efficient synthesis of the controlled morphology of magnetic carbon nanocomposite. These methods provide chemical and morphological improvements of the structure, such as high surface area, ordered nanosizes, crystal matrix, material stability, electrical conductivity, magnetic saturation and coercivity. This paper reviews the fabrication and properties of magnetic carbon nanocomposites.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)821-844
    Number of pages24
    JournalEnvironmental Chemistry Letters
    Volume16
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Sep 2018

    Keywords

    • Applications of nanocomposite
    • Distinctive chemical properties
    • Hydrothermal carbonization
    • Magnetic carbon nanocomposite
    • Pyrolysis

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