Synthesis, Characterization, Biological Evaluation, and In Silico Studies of Imidazolium-, Pyridinium-, and Ammonium-Based Ionic Liquids Containing n-Butyl Side Chains

Rabia Hassan, Farzana Nazir, Mah Roosh, Arshemah Qaisar, Uzma Habib, Abdulrahim A. Sajini, Mudassir Iqbal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ionic liquids (ILs) have emerged as active pharmaceutical ingredients because of their excellent antibacterial and biological activities. Herein, we used the green-chemistry-synthesis procedure, also known as the metathesis method, to develop three series of ionic liquids using 1-methyl-3-butyl imidazolium, butyl pyridinium, and diethyldibutylammonium as cations, and bromide (Br), methanesulfonate (CH3SO3), bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (NTf2), dichloroacetate (CHCl2CO2), tetrafluoroborate (BF4), and hydrogen sulfate (HSO4) as anions. Spectroscopic methods were used to validate the structures of the lab-synthesized ILs. We performed an agar well diffusion assay by using pathogenic bacteria that cause various infections (Escherichia coli; Enterobacter aerogenes; Klebsiella pneumoniae; Proteus vulgaris; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Streptococcus pneumoniae; Streptococcus pyogenes) to scrutinize the in vitro antibacterial activity of the ILs. It was established that the nature and unique combination of the cations and anions were responsible for the antibacterial activity of the ILs. Among the tested ionic liquids, the imidazolium cation and NTf2 and HSO4 anions exhibited the highest antibacterial activity. The antibacterial potential was further investigated by in silico studies, and it was observed that bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (NTf2) containing imidazolium and pyridinium ionic liquids showed the maximum inhibition against the targeted bacterial strains and could be utilized in antibiotics. These antibacterial activities float the ILs as a promising alternative to the existing antibiotics and antiseptics.

Original languageBritish English
Article number6650
JournalMolecules
Volume27
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • antibacterial activity
  • imidazolium
  • ionic liquids
  • pyridinium
  • quaternary ammonium

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