Synthesis and characterization of novel Schiff’s bases derived from dialdehyde cellulose-6-phosphate

Sherif M.A.S. Keshk, Samir Bondock, Adel A. El-Zahhar, Mohammad Abu Haija

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, the effects of replacing a hydroxyl group on C-6 of cellulose by a phosphate group, as in cellulose-6-phosphate, on the aldehyde content and the reactivity of dialdehyde cellulose phosphate were explored. Cellulose-6-phosphate (1) was efficiently oxidized by using an aqueous solution of potassium periodate to obtain dialdehyde cellulose phosphate (DACP) (2). The condensation of DACP with two aromatic amines, sulfanilamide (3) and sulfathiazole (4) produced the respective Schiff bases, namely (cellulose-6-phoshate-2,3-bis-[(4-methylene-amino)-benzene-sulfonamide] (5) and cellulose-6-phoshate-2,3-bis-[(4-methylene-amino)-N-(thiazol-2-yl) benzene sulfonamide] (6). Fourier transform infrared spectra, scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) were used to characterize the synthesized biopolymers. For compounds 2, 5, and 6, the aldehyde content of was found to be 95%, 20.1%, and 11.2%, respectively. The highest reactivity of DACP toward sulfa drugs was displayed due to aldehyde content values. Significant changes in the d-spacing with decreasing crystallinity index (46.9%) were observed in the XRD of cellulose-6-phosphate and its Schiff’s base. In SEM images, a fibrous structure and a rough surface were observed in the samples with slight variations. The results of TGA showed a delay in the major degradation step for DACP, cellulose-6-phosphate-2,3-bis[(4-methyleneamino)-N-(thiazol-2-yl)-benzen sulfonamide] and cellulose-6-phosphate-2,3-bis-[(4-methyleneamino)-benzene sulfonamide] compared to cellulose phosphate.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)3703-3712
Number of pages10
JournalCellulose
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Base
  • Cellulose-6-phosphate
  • Dialdehyde cellulose phosphate
  • Schiff’s
  • TGA
  • XRD

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