Synthesis and catalytic performance of zeolite-Y supported on silicon carbide in n-heptane cracking

Aasif A. Dabbawala, Balasubramanian V. Vaithilingam, Hemant Mittal, Yasser Al Wahedi, Shaihroz Khan, Tony Joseph, Gnana Singaravel, Stephane Morin, Mikael Berthod, Saeed M. Alhassan

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, we demonstrate a facile approach for the synthesis of zeolite-Y crystals (size, ca. ∼400 nm) supported on silicon carbide (SiC) with the assistance of the cationic template (polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride, PDDA). The polymeric cationic template used to treat SiC particles induces a positive charge on SiC surface which electrostatically attracts negatively charged aluminosilicate seeds and promotes the growth of zeolite (ZY) particles over SiC, thus leading to the formation of stable ZY@SiC supported catalysts. The supported ZY catalysts with different weight ratio of ZY and SiC were synthesized and characterized by various techniques such as XRD, SEM, SEM-EDX, SEM-mapping, TEM, STEM, FT-IR, 27Al MAS NMR and N2 sorption. The characterization of the supported ZY catalysts suggests the uniform growth of ZY particles over SiC together with the creation of hierarchical micro-mesopores assembly. In the catalytic cracking of n-heptane, the catalyst ZY@SiC-50 displayed a remarkable improvement in reaction rate when compared to commercial zeolite-Y (CBV-600) amounting to 3.5 folds enhancement. Interestingly, the light olefins yield is also substantially improved. At WHSV of 8 h−1 and 475 °C, the highest light olefin yield (24–36 %) was achieved over ZY@SiC-50 whereas the reference catalyst, CBV-600 produced lower light olefins yield (7–17 %). Moreover, the supported ZY catalyst exhibited less deactivation rates. This improved performance is attributed to the hierarchical micro-mesopores assembly created by the homogeneous dispersion of zeolite crystals on SiC which offers fast diffusion pathways for the reactants and enhanced accessibility to active sites thus leading to higher observed reaction rates and fast diffusion of products thus minimizing the occurrence of side reactions.

Original languageBritish English
Article number117866
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume608
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Cracking
  • n-heptane
  • SiC
  • Supported catalyst
  • Zeolite-Y

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