Switching dynamics of doped CoFeB trilayers and a comparison to the quasistatic approximation

Michael Forrester, Feodor Kusmartsev, Endre Kovács

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4 Scopus citations


The investigation of the switching times of the magnetization reversal of two interacting CoFeB nanomagnets, with dimensions small enough to maintain a single-domain structure, has been carried out. A quasistatic approximation is shown to give valid results and to compare well to the damped dynamical solutions of the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equations. The characteristics of the switching are shown in the associated hysteresis loops and we build a complete phase diagram of the various parallel, antiparallel, and scissoring states of the magnetization in terms of the coupling energy between the nanomagnets, magnetic anisotropy, and the interaction with an applied magnetic field. The phase diagram summarizes the different kinds of hysteresis associated with the magnetization reversal phenomena. The switching fields and times are estimated and the vulnerabilities of the magnetic phases to thermally induced magnetic field variations are examined. The stability of the phases is a fine balance between intrinsic and extrinsic magnetism and we examine its precarious nature. Our work identifies the structures that have the most robust magnetization states and hence a design ethic for creating nanomagnetic heterostructures with outstanding magnetoresistance properties based upon the two magnetic elements.

Original languageBritish English
Article number174416
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number17
StatePublished - 10 May 2013


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