Sub-Channel Scheduling, Task Assignment, and Power Allocation for OMA-Based and NOMA-Based MEC Systems

Kaidi Wang, Fang Fang, Daniel Benevides Da Costa, Zhiguo Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, sub-channel scheduling, task assignment and power allocation are investigated for orthogonal multiple access (OMA)-based and non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)-based mobile edge computing (MEC) systems. Based on different channel conditions and computational capacities, computational tasks are partially offloaded to the MEC server via OMA or NOMA protocols. In order to minimize the total energy consumption, an optimization problem under the task execution latency constraint is formulated and divided into two sub-problems. By utilizing matching theory, the formulated sub-channel allocation problem is solved by a proposed low-complexity algorithm, where the joint optimization of task assignment and power allocation is performed at each iteration. Based on the delay constraint, some insights are obtained, and the closed-form solutions of task assignment coefficients and transmit power are derived. Furthermore, the offloading strategy in both OMA and NOMA schemes is analyzed, which shows that the optimal task assignment coefficient is decided by the energy consumption efficiency (ECE). Simulation results indicate that: i) the proposed sub-channel allocation algorithm and derived closed-form solutions can significantly improve the MEC system in terms of the energy consumption; ii) the provided offloading strategy can be dynamically and efficiently employed with different channel conditions and computational capacities.

Original languageBritish English
Article number9308935
Pages (from-to)2692-2708
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Volume69
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Mobile edge computing (MEC)
  • non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)
  • power allocation
  • sub-channel scheduling
  • task assignment

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