Studies on isoenzymes of glutathione S-transferase in the digestive gland of Mytilus galloprovincialis with exposure to pollution

Patrick J. Fitzpatrick, David Sheehan, David R. Livingstone

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56 Scopus citations

Abstract

The possible utility of glutathione S-transferase isoenzymes in affinity purified extracts of digestive gland from Mytilus galloprovincialis as indicators of exposure to organic pollution has been assessed by fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) using a Mono-Q ion exchange column. Four main peaks of protein (isoenzymes 1-4) were detected in these chromatographic studies all of which displayed detectable catalytic activity with 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene and glutathione as substrates. The bulk of the activity with these substrates was associated with isoenzyme 1. The specific activity of cytosolic extracts from six sites in Venice Lagoon and the Adriatic Sea (UNESCO-MURST Venice Lagoon Ecosystem Project) decreased slightly with increasing tissue levels of chemical contaminants (hydrocarbons, PCBs and organochlorines). FPLC of affinity purified extracts from three of these sites was used to assess the possible variation in the levels of individual isoenzymes relative to pollution status. No difference was observed in the levels of these isoenzymes.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)241-244
Number of pages4
JournalMarine Environmental Research
Volume39
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

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