Stress, depression, anxiety, and quality of life among the healthcare workers during COVID-19 pandemic in Syria: a multi-center study: Annals of General Psychiatry

H.N. Al Houri, A. Alhouri, D.M.N. Arrouk, A.N. Al Houri, S. Jomaa, A. Sharabi, H. Kannout, Y. Latifeh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: The COVID-19 pandemic emerged as an expected source of stress and anxiety as the healthcare workers had to work for long hours in close contact with infected patients, thus increasing the probability of medical errors and threatening the patients’ safety. This study aims to measure the levels of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and stress among Syrian healthcare workers and their quality of life during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in six central hospitals in Damascus, Syria. Data were collected from 1 to 30 June—2021. The Depression Anxiety Stress Scale—21 (DASS-21) was used to evaluate depression, anxiety, and stress among healthcare workers. Quality of life was assessed using the EUROHIS-QOL 8-item index. Results: A total of 700 participants were included in this study. 61.6% (n = 431) were males and 38.4% (n = 269) were females. Younger ages (18–29 years old) were significantly associated with higher levels of depression and stress (p < 0.0083). Female healthcare workers had higher significant levels of anxiety (p < 0.05). Significant anxiety and stress levels were reported when healthcare workers had contact with COVID-19 patients, even if they had protective equipment (p < 0.05). Half of the participants (50%; n = 349) reported a good quality of life. Conclusion: Stress levels and depressive symptoms were remarkably higher in healthcare workers of ages 18 and 29 years old, whereas anxiety levels were significantly higher and more severe in female healthcare workers. Moreover, direct interaction with COVID-19 patients was associated with higher levels of stress and anxiety symptoms. © 2023, BioMed Central Ltd., part of Springer Nature.
    Original languageBritish English
    JournalAnn. Gen. Psychiatry
    Volume22
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2023

    Keywords

    • Anxiety
    • Depression
    • Healthcare workers
    • Stress
    • Syria
    • adult
    • age
    • anxiety
    • Article
    • clinical evaluation
    • clinical feature
    • controlled study
    • coronavirus disease 2019
    • cross-sectional study
    • depression
    • Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21
    • disease association
    • disease severity
    • educational status
    • female
    • health care personnel
    • human
    • male
    • mental disease assessment
    • multicenter study
    • pandemic
    • physiological stress
    • quality of life
    • quality of life assessment
    • symptom
    • Syrian Arab Republic

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