STBC-Assisted MDC-NOMA Image Transmission Scheme for Multi-Antenna Systems

Suyue Li, Fanyi Meng, Jian Xiong, Lina Bariah, Sami Muhaidat, Anhong Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


As an efficient and interference-resistant coding technique, multiple description coding (MDC) is proposed with the aim to solve the transmission unreliability problem caused by packet errors, loss or blocking delays. The integration of MDC with non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) scheme (MDC-NOMA) can effectively boost the robustness and throughput of the underlying system. Additionally, space-time block coding (STBC) can further enhance the system reliability with increased diversity gain, as well as reduced decoding complexity. In this paper, we propose a novel framework referred to as MDC-NOMA-STBC, in which we apply Alamouti STBC integrated with MDC and NOMA to implement more reliable transmission. Specifically, NOMA signals are constructed by superimposing the descriptions from different users, then transmitted by the base station (BS) using Alamouti STBC. In order to substantiate the performance of the proposed framework, first, we derive closed-form expressions of both the outage probability and ergodic rate for each user in a two-antenna BS scenario. Second, for multi-antenna BS, we investigate different antenna selection strategies to further enhance the outage performance under the considered framework, whose analytical expression is provided wherever possible. Third, Monte Carlo simulation results are presented to validate our theoretical framework and to corroborate the superiority of the proposed MDC-NOMA-STBC over state-of-the-art MDC-NOMA scheme. Moreover, under realistic contexts with image transmission, it is confirmed that MDC-NOMA-STBC outperforms its counterpart MDC-NOMA in terms of the peak signal-to-noise ratio and the bit error rate.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)677-688
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Broadcasting
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2022


  • antenna selection
  • ergodic rate
  • multiple description coding (MDC)
  • Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)
  • outage probability
  • space-time block coding (STBC)


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