Statistical-mechanical description of classical test-particle dynamics in the presence of an external force field: Modelling noise and damping from first principles

I. Kourakis, A. P. Grecos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Aiming to establish a rigorous link between macroscopic random motion (described e.g. by Langevin-type theories) and microscopic dynamics, we have undertaken a kinetic-theoretical study of the dynamics of a classical test-particle weakly coupled to a large heat-bath in thermal equilibrium. Both subsystems are subject to an external force field. From the (time-non-local) generalized master equation a Fokker-Planck-type equation follows as a "quasi-Markovian" approximation. The kinetic operator thus defined is shown to be ill-defined; in specific, it does not preserve the positivity of the test-particle distribution function f(x, v; t). Adopting an alternative approach, previously introduced for quantum open systems, is proposed to lead to a correct kinetic operator, which yields all the expected properties. A set of explicit expressions for the diffusion and drift coefficients are obtained, allowing for modelling macroscopic diffusion and dynamical friction phenomena, in terms of an external field and intrinsic physical parameters.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)345-349
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Physical Journal B
Volume50
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2006

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