Sorption of tryalkoxysilane in low-cost porous silicates using a supercritical CO2 method

P. López-Aranguren, J. Saurina, L. F. Vega, C. Domingo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

The internal surface of micro and nanoporous substrates can be modified in terms of charge, functionality or even reactivity or stability by means of bifunctional organic molecules able to self-assembly. This work investigates the impregnation with trialkoxysilanes of porous systems using supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) as a solvent, which combines several advantages such as liquid-like density and high solvating power with gas-like transport properties. Moreover, scCO2 does not have specific interactions with the substrate and there is no competition for absorption between added reagents and solvent molecules. The work aims at describing a generic liquid-solventless impregnation method applicable to macro (perlite), meso (silica gels and agglomerated nanoparticles) and microporous (zeolite) silica-based substrates using scCO2. The hydrophobic octyltriethoxysilane was used to impregnate the internal surface of the chosen substrates with the objective of obtaining high capacity oil adsorbents. FTIR, TGA and N2 adsorption isotherms were used to determine the interactions between the substrate and the silane deposited monolayer. The acquired hydrophobic character was evaluated using the Karl Fischer method to measure the loss in water adsorption capacity after silane grafting.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)15-24
Number of pages10
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume148
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Mesoporous
  • Microporous
  • Silanization
  • Supercritical
  • Water adsorption

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