Sonochemical synthesis of gum guar biopolymer stabilized copper oxide on exfoliated graphite: Application for enhanced electrochemical detection of H2O2 in milk and pharmaceutical samples

Sridharan Balu, Selvakumar Palanisamy, Vijaylakshmi Velusamy, Thomas C.K. Yang

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    28 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    A novel and cost-effective synthesis of biopolymer-based organic and inorganic composite materials have received substantial attention in a broad range application including electroanalysis of small molecules. In this perspective, we report the synthesis of gum guar (guar) biopolymer stabilized cupric oxide decorated on exfoliated graphite (GR-guar/CuO) composite. Different physicochemical characterization methods were used to confirm the successful exfoliation of graphite and formation of the GR-guar/CuO composite. A simple sonochemical method has been used for the preparation of guar stabilized exfoliated graphite (GR-guar). The flower-like CuO on GR-guar and guar stabilized CuO (CuO-guar) composites were synthesized using a hydrothermal method. Cyclic voltammetric studies revealed that the GR-guar/CuO composite modified screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) had enhanced electro-reduction ability towards H2O2 than GR-guar and pristine graphite/CuO-guar modified SPCEs. Under optimized experimental conditions, the GR-guar/CuO composite modified electrode detects H2O2 in the response ranges from 0.02 to 1296.6 µM. The sensor shows a lower detection limit of 5.8 nM with high sensitivity. The as-prepared GR-guar/CuO composite sensor is highly reproducible and had excellent selectivity and practicality towards the detection of H2O2. Consequently, the fabricated sensor can be used for the accurate detection of H2O2 in real samples.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)254-263
    Number of pages10
    JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
    Volume56
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 2019

    Keywords

    • Electrocatalysis
    • Exfoliated graphite
    • Flower-like CuO
    • Gum Guar biopolymer
    • Hydrogen peroxide
    • Sonochemical method

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