Solving of optimal power flow problem including renewable energy resources using HEAP optimization algorithm

Mohamed A.M. Shaheen, Hany M. Hasanien, Ahmed Al-Durra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


This paper presents a novel endeavor to use the Heap optimization algorithm (HOA) to solve the problem of optimal power flow (OPF) in the electricity networks. The key objective is to optimize the cost of fuel of the conventional generators under the system limitations. Various scenarios are studied in a later stage considering the addition of the PV panel and/or wind farm with changing load curves during a typical day. The active output power of the generators is selected to be the OPF problem search space. The HOA is employed to get the best solution of the fitness function and provides the corresponding best solutions. The modeling of the heap-based optimizer (HBO) depends on three levels: the relation between the subordinates and the boss, the relation between the same level employees, and the contribution of the employee oneself. The validity of the proposed algorithm is tested for a variety of electric grids, the IEEE 30-bus, IEEE 57-bus and 118 bus networks. These networks are simulated under various scenarios. Real load curves, in this study, are considered to achieve a practical outcome. The simulation outcomes are evaluated and tested. The results indicate that the implemented HOA-based OPF methodology is flexible and applicable compared with that achieved by using the genetic algorithm.

Original languageBritish English
Article number9354775
Pages (from-to)35846-35863
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2021


  • Optimal power flow
  • optimization
  • power systems
  • renewable energy


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