Solitons in a chain of charge-parity-symmetric dimers

O. B. Kirikchi, Boris A. Malomed, N. Karjanto, R. Kusdiantara, H. Susanto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We consider an array of dual-core waveguides, which represent an optical realization of a chain of dimers, with an active (gain-loss) coupling between the cores, opposite signs of discrete diffraction in the parallel arrays, and a phase-velocity mismatch between them (which is necessary for the stability of the system). The array provides an optical emulation of the charge-parity (CP) symmetry. The addition of the intracore cubic nonlinearity gives rise to several species of fundamental discrete solitons, which exist in continuous families, although the system is non-Hermitian. The existence and stability of the soliton families are explored by means of analytical and numerical methods. An asymptotic analysis is presented for the case of weak intersite coupling (i.e., near the anticontinuum limit), as well as weak coupling between cores in each dimer. Several families of fundamental discrete solitons are found in the semi-infinite gap of the system's spectrum, which have no counterparts in the continuum limit, as well as a branch which belongs to the finite band gap and carries over into a family of stable gap solitons in that limit. One branch develops an oscillatory instability above a critical strength of the intersite coupling, others being stable in their entire existence regions. Unlike solitons in conservative lattices, which are controlled solely by the strength of the intersite coupling, here fundamental-soliton families have several control parameters, one of which, viz., the coefficient of the intercore coupling in the active host medium, may be readily adjusted in the experiment by varying the gain applied to the medium.

Original languageBritish English
Article number063841
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number6
StatePublished - 26 Dec 2018


Dive into the research topics of 'Solitons in a chain of charge-parity-symmetric dimers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this