Sol-gel/drop-coated micro-thick TiO2 memristors for γ-ray sensing

Heba Abunahla, Maguy Abi Jaoude, Curtis J. O'Kelly, Baker Mohammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Sol-gel/drop-coated micro-thick TiO2 memristors were investigated and developed for low-power radiation sensing. Devices constructed with coated aluminum (Al) electrodes exhibited unipolar I-V characteristics with dynamic turn-on voltage, and progressive ROFF/RON ratio loss under applied bias. Endurance failure of micro-thick Al/Al stacks is ascribed to gradual passivation of Al surface resulting from an electrically-enhanced oxygen-ion diffusion. By exchanging a single Al contact with higher work function copper (Cu) metal, two distinct superimposed TiO2 phases were formed. The TiO2 coating on Al surface was carbon-contaminated and amorphous, while that on Cu was found to be additionally doped with Cu(I/II) ions resulting from the corrosion of the surface of the electrode by the amine-based gelation agent. After initial forming, the hybrid stack could achieve a bipolar memristance, with high ROFF/RON (up to 106), and over 10 switching cycles at low-operating voltages (±1 V). The enhanced memristive switching properties of Al/Cu devices are explained via cooperative valence-change/electrochemical-metallization processes, involving migration of oxygen and copper species. The advanced micro-thick TiO2 memristors were exposed to Cs-137 γ-rays, providing for the first time initial insights into their radiation detection capabilities. The sensing mechanism through these devices could be actuated by synergistic radiation-induced and field-driven photo-electric effects.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)72-81
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2016


  • Electrical characterization
  • Irradiation effects
  • Oxides
  • Semiconductors
  • Sol-gel growth
  • Thin films


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