Soft-SAFT modeling of vapor-liquid equilibria of nitriles and their mixtures

A. Belkadi, M. K. Hadj-Kali, F. Llovell, V. Gerbaud, L. F. Vega

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Nitriles are strong polar compounds showing a highly non-ideal behavior, which makes them challenging systems from a modeling point of view; in spite of this, accurate predictions for the vapor-liquid equilibria of these systems are needed, as some of them, like acetonitrile (CH3CN) and propionitrile (C2H5CN), play an important role as organic solvents in several industrial processes. This work deals with the calculation of the vapor-liquid equilibria (VLE) of nitriles and their mixtures by using the crossover soft-SAFT Equation of State (EoS). Both polar and associating interactions are taken into account in a single association term in the crossover soft-SAFT equation, while the crossover term allows for accurate calculations both far from and close to the critical point. Molecular parameters for acetonitrile, propionitrile and n-butyronitrile (C3H7CN) are regressed from experimental data. Their transferability is tested by the calculation of the VLE of heavier linear nitriles, namely, valeronitrile (C4H9CN) and hexanonitrile (C5H11CN), not included in the fitting procedure. Crossover soft-SAFT results are in excellent agreement with experimental data for the whole range of thermodynamic conditions investigated, proving the robustness of the approach. Parameters transferability has also been used to describe the isomers n-butyronitrile and i-butyronitrile. Finally, the nitriles soft-SAFT model is further tested in VLE calculation of mixtures with benzene, carbon tetrachloride and carbon dioxide, which proved to be satisfactory as well.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)191-200
Number of pages10
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Issue number2
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2010


  • Acetonitrile
  • Carbon tetrachloride
  • Crossover
  • Isomers
  • Nitriles
  • Soft-SAFT


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