Single-Phase Direct PWM Bipolar Buck–Boost AC–AC Converter Without Commutation Problem

Hafiz Furqan Ahmed, Ashraf Ali Khan, Iman Abdoli, Omar Al Zaabi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    — The direct pulsewidth modulation (PWM) ac–ac converters are seeing rapid development due to their single-stage power conversion with reduced footprints, due to the elimination of intermediate dc-link capacitor. However, they only provide unipolar voltage gain and fixed frequency operation and use the bidirectional voltage-blocking devices without natural inductor current free-wheeling path, restricting their practical applications. This article proposes a direct PWM bipolar and step-variable frequency buck–boost ac–ac converter. The proposed converter is fabricated by connecting input–output LC filters and a small value film capacitor to six unidirectional voltage-blocking devices, which are arranged as a three-leg inverter module. It can provide noninverting and inverting buck–boost voltage operations with a symmetric bipolar voltage gain of ±d/(1 − d) and can also change the frequency of output voltage in discrete steps, same as that of single-phase matrix converters (MCs). It has no open-circuit risk of inductor due to the presence of natural current free-wheeling path during PWM dead time. Therefore, it is unaffected by the commutation problem of conventional direct ac–ac converters. The proposed converter can realize high-quality input and output due to the presence of second-order input–output filters with continuous input–output currents. A detailed analysis is provided based on proposed switch modulation strategies and confirmed through extensive experimental tests on a laboratory-fabricated hardware. © 2023 IEEE. Personal use is permitted, but republication/redistribution requires IEEE permission.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Pages (from-to)5940-5953
    Number of pages14
    JournalIEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics
    Issue number6
    StatePublished - 2023


    • Boost converter
    • Electric inverters
    • Gain measurement
    • Power quality
    • Pulse width modulation
    • AC power conversion
    • Boost voltage
    • Buck-boost
    • Buck–boost voltage
    • Commutation problem
    • Noninverting and inverting operation
    • Power conversion
    • Pulsewidths
    • Step-variable frequency
    • Variable frequencies
    • Matrix converters


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