Simulation of the water-based hybrid nanofluids flow through a porous cavity for the applications of the heat transfer

Taza Gul, Saleem Nasir, Abdallah Sofiane Berrouk, Zehba A.S. Raizah, Wajdi Mohamad Alghamdi, Ishtiaq Ali, Abdul Bariq

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30 Scopus citations


This study looks at the natural convections of Cu + Al2O3/H2O nanofluid into a permeable chamber. The magnetic field is also executed on the flow field and the analysis has been approached numerically by the control volume method. The study of hybrid nanofluid heat in terms of the transfer flux was supplemented with a wide range of parameters of hybrid nanofluid fractions, Rayleigh numbers Hartmann numbers and porosity factor. It's also determined that the flow and thermal distribution are heavily affected by the concentration of the nanoparticles. The concentration of nanoparticles increases the transport of convective energy inside the enclosure. The primary findings demonstrate that a rise in both the Rayleigh number and Darcy number leads to an improvement in convective heat transfer within the enclosure. However, the porosity has a negligible effect. Additionally, the rotation in a clockwise direction has a beneficial impact on the dispersion of heat transfer throughout the cavity. Furthermore, it is concluded that hybrid nanofluids are more reliable than conventional fluids in improving thermal properties. © 2023, The Author(s).
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2023

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