Signal extraction in atmospheric shower arrays designed for 200 GeV-50 TeV γ-ray astronomy

M. Senniappan, Y. Becherini, M. Punch, S. Thoudam, T. Bylund, G. Kukec Mezek, J. P. Ernenwein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We present the SEMLA (Signal Extraction using Machine Learning for ALTO) analysis method, developed for the detection of E > 200 GeV γ rays in the context of the ALTO wide-field-of-view atmospheric shower array R&D project. The scientific focus of ALTO is extragalactic γ-ray astronomy, so primarily the detection of soft-spectrum γ-ray sources such as Active Galactic Nuclei and Gamma Ray Bursts. The current phase of the ALTO R&D project is the optimization of sensitivity for such sources and includes a number of ideas which are tested and evaluated through the analysis of dedicated Monte Carlo simulations and hardware testing. In this context, it is important to clarify how data are analysed and how results are being obtained. SEMLA takes advantage of machine learning and comprises four stages: initial event cleaning (stage A), filtering out of poorly reconstructed γ-ray events (stage B), followed by γ-ray signal extraction from proton background events (stage C) and finally reconstructing the energy of the events (stage D). The performance achieved through SEMLA is evaluated in terms of the angular, shower core position, and energy resolution, together with the effective detection area, and background suppression. Our methodology can be easily generalized to any experiment, provided that the signal extraction variables for the specific analysis project are considered.

Original languageBritish English
Article numberP07050
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2021


  • Analysis and statistical methods
  • Data analysis
  • Particle detectors
  • Performance of high energy physics detectors


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