Shape-controlled rapid synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles and their morphological dependent magnetic and thermal studies for cancer therapy applications

G. Bharath, K. Rambabu, Fawzi Banat, N. Ponpandian, Edreese Alsharaeh, Abdel Halim Harrath, Abdulkarem Alrezaki, Saleh Alwasel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bi-metallic Ni50Co50 magnetic alloy nanoparticles (MANPs) with controllable shape (rhombus, pentagon and sphere) have been developed through microwave technology for the first time using water and ethylene glycol as solvents. The formation mechanism, morphology evaluation, crystalline structure, and morphological dependent magnetic property have been investigated. The pentagonal-like Ni50Co50 MANPs shows a higher magnetization (Ms-101 emu g-1) and higher coercivity (Hc-550 Oe) than rhombus and sphere-like samples. The cell viability MTT assay studies exhibited the biocompatibility nature of the prepared Ni50Co50 MANPs. Moreover, morphological dependent magnetic induction heating properties of the Ni50Co50 MANPs samples were estimated under an alternating magnetic field (AMF) of 190 kHz. The heating ability of pentagon-like Ni50Co50 MANPs up to 42 °C and specific absorption rate (SAR) of 59 W g-1 at reasonably low concentrations highlighted the suitability of the Ni50Co50 MANPs for hyperthermia applications. This study demonstrated that the Ni50Co50 MANPs with different shape can be used as an ideal building block for hyperthermia applications.

Original languageBritish English
Article number066104
JournalMaterials Research Express
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • hyperthermia applications
  • magnetic alloy nanoparticles
  • magnetic induction heating
  • microwave synthesis
  • tuned nanostructures

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