Separation of single-walled carbon nanotubes using aqueous two-phase system

Malcolm S.Y. Tang, Pau Loke Show, Yu Kiat Lin, Kai Lin Woon, Chin Ping Tan, Tau Chuan Ling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The separation of metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes (M-SWCNTs) from semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (S-SWCNTs) in as-received SWCNTs is an important step to integrate carbon nanotubes into electronic applications. In this study, the effect of molecular weight (Mw) of polyethylene glycol (PEG) on the separation of M-SWCNTs from as-received SWCNTs using aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) consist of PEG, dextran, organic solvent N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP) and water has been investigated. PEG with M w 6000 and 10,000 showed higher partition coefficient (K) and yield (Y). The semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube (S-SWCNT) was attracted to the bottom phase. Varying the concentration of PEG 6000 and dextran could enrich the purity of M-SWCNT in the top phase to 0.2574 compared to the pristine value of 0.1506. The volume ratio (VR) that gave the highest enrichment of M-SWCNT is found to be 1.5. However, there was no significant changes in purification factor (PF) and purity when the concentration of NMP and water were manipulated. This finding provides a solid foundation for the studies of ATPS to separate different species of SWCNTs.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)136-141
Number of pages6
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume125
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 May 2014

Keywords

  • Aqueous two-phase system
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Dextran
  • Polyethylene glycol
  • Purification

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